Volume 2 - Issue 2

Edited by Frederick R. Vobbe

706 Mackenzie Drive - Lima OH 45805

Office: 419-228-6223 (22VOBBE)

(Administrative stuff at end of newsletter)




Jerry Starr, with the mother of all colds, runs us down the latest changes on the AM dial. John Bowker has 680 kHz from the west end of the country. Last month he presented the East Coast 680 stations. Bruce Conti gives us an example of what wartime radio sounds like in Afghanistan. Mark Durenburger reads from several technical journals from years back. Very interesting to hear what they were thinking about, especially the planning (or lack of) in emergency facilities during the great blackout of 1965. Think the dial was clear then? On the Marketscope, Phil Wayne has guest host Skip Dabelstein in to show us radio in Phoenix AZ from several years ago that was in the top Arbitron ratings.

All this and more is available on the DX Audio Service for November 2001. In Real Audio at Real Audio and Real Audio, or better yet subscribe and hear much better quality and you KEEP the cassettes! Tapes will be mailed November 15th. Canadian & European Members: We would appreciate knowing how long the tapes take to get to you! Reports last month indicated it was anywhere from 2 days to 15 days, domestic, and 12 days to Europe.



200 AND GROWING (as read on DX Audio Service by Fred Vobbe on the November DXAS)

It's hard to believe that this is the 200th issue of the DX Audio Service. As the years pass, business gets rougher, and time shorter, we often don't take stock of what we have until we pass a milestone. Such is the case today. When I began the DX Audio Service in April 1985 I thought it would be a few issues and a couple year commitment. Little did I realize that membership would grow, and I would be doing it long after I left radio and made my way into television. However I would be kidding people if I tried to sell this as my own game. There are so many people that make the D.X.A.S. what it is.

First, there are the editors. These guys, Jerry, John, Bruce, Ken, Mark, and Phil, consistently bring us quality material month after month. Working in the news business I know what the job of an editor and publisher is. However, I can not recall when an article has had to be edited, improved, or changed. I couldn't ask for a better team.

Then there is Ken at the Publication's Center, Paul Swearingen, who publishes DX News or as we call it "the paper side of the house". Then there is Wayne, Dick, Jerry, and Ron who make up the board of directors who have all contributed in many ways.

There are also some behinds the scene people such as the creative genius of Wally Wawro of WFAA for his help with promos and liners on the DXAS and WNRC. Voice talent Doc Morgan who is a recognized voice on the D.X.A.S and Dallas radio. And there is John Wells who did the station IDs for WNRC… you heard him doing IDs for many leading radio stations. There is also Kelly Prescott, who is the Network Administrator for W-COIL, and has helped in the development of the clubs website, e-mail, and internet security. There are also the folks too numerous who have unselfishly devoted time to conventions, convention radio, and to National Radio Club projects.

Finally there are the members, who have contributed in so many ways. There is also my wife and kids, who have bailed me out when time is short and we need to duplicate and label tapes while stamping and label mailers.

You know, this is what makes the DX Audio Service and the National Radio Club so special. We have some of the best-devoted people in the world, providing information to others. The club is truly a family. Now before you think I'm going to stay serious, and get emotional, let me just say…here's to the next 200 issues. 73, good DX, and support radio! Hit it, Homer. (music out "Those were the Days" sung by Homer and Marge Simpson).



General Motors of Canada Puts DAB On The Road

Ottawa, Ontario - Oct 29, 2001 - General Motors of Canada Limited (GMCL) announced that GM will become the first automaker to deliver factory installed DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) technology to the automobile marketplace. This development is the culmination of a strategic alliance formed between GM of Canada and Digital Radio Roll-Out Inc. (DRRI). The two have been working together since 1998 to develop a made-in-Canada digital radio solution. The Oshawa-built Chevrolet Impala and Monte Carlo will be among the first models available with DAB.

Currently, more than 55 DAB stations have made service available to 10 million people in Vancouver, Toronto, Windsor, and Montreal. Ottawa is next in line to be added to the market list, with preparation underway for an airdate of early 2002. Planned expansion into all major corridors will add a series of markets including Hamilton, Kitchener, London, Guelph, Cornwall, Calgary, Red Deer, Edmonton, Quebec City, Trois Rivieres and Chilliwack.

Digital Radio Roll-Out is a non-profit joint initiative of major private broadcasters (Astral Media, CHUM, Corus Entertainment, Rogers Media, Standard Radio, Telemedia Radio), a number of smaller private broadcasters, and public broadcasters (CBC, Radio Canada) with the support of the Canadian government. DRRI's mandate is the introduction of digital audio broadcasting services across Canada. DAB is the replacement technology for current AM and FM analog transmission.


Radio Shack Canada To Offer DAB Product Line

Barrie, Ontario - Nov 5, 2001 - Radio Shack Canada announced that it will become the first retail chain to carry a line of DAB (digital audio broadcasting) products for the home and portable markets. Planned products include boomboxes, walkman-style devices, and DAB computer attachments.

Introduction is scheduled for early 2002. This latest development is the culmination of discussions between Radio Shack Canada and Digital Radio Roll-Out Inc. (DRRI), which began earlier this year.

Currently, more than 55 DAB stations have made service available to 10 million people in Vancouver, Toronto, Windsor, and Montreal. Ottawa is next in line to be added to the market list, with preparation underway for an airdate of early 2002. Planned expansion into all major corridors will add a series of markets including Hamilton, Kitchener, London, Guelph, Cornwall, Calgary, Red Deer, Edmonton, Quebec City, Trois Rivieres and Chilliwack.

DRRI is a non-profit joint initiative of major private broadcasters, a number of smaller private broadcasters, and public broadcasters with the support of the Canadian government. DRRI's mandate is the introduction of digital audio broadcasting services across Canada. DAB is the replacement technology for current AM and FM analog transmission.


GM Begins Production of XM-Equipped Cadillacs

Hamtramck, MI - Nov 5, 2001 - A new sound was heard inside the Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Center when GM began producing XM Satellite Radio-equipped Cadillacs. Cadillac is offering XM as an option on the 2002 DeVille and Seville models; GM will expand availability to over 20 additional models in 2003.

The service price for XM's 100 channels is $9.95 per month, which customers who lease or finance through GMAC can roll into their monthly car payments.


FCC Appoints Nina Shafran to MMB

Washington, DC - Nov 6, 2001 - Nina Shafran has been named deputy chief of the Mass Media Bureau's audio services division. Shafran joins the Commission from Dow, Lohnes & Albertson’s communications group where she specialized in broadcast matters. Prior to joining Dow, Lohnes in January 1998, Shafran worked at the DC offices of O'Melveny & Myers and Weil, Gotschal and Manges. Her experience includes broadcast transactions, station facilities applications, and rule making proceedings, particularly those involving the Commission's ownership rules. She has also counseled broadcasters and lenders on FCC issues raised by various forms of financing and securities offerings.

Before practicing communications law, Shafran specialized in international trade matters. She served at the U.S. Department of Commerce and the International Trade Commission prior to being admitted to the bar.

Shafran graduated with honors from The George Washington University law school in 1990. She holds a bachelor of arts degree from Bryn Mawr College and a master of arts degree from Georgetown University in Russian studies/international trade.



(via: Broadcasting & Cable, 1/9/2001)

FCC Chairman Michael Powell and his colleagues bent over backwards last week to assure a wary Capitol Hill that an easier process for delaying TV stations’ digital rollouts won’t be too easy.

"No one should mistake - the simplification of process is the not functional equivalent of a light standard," Powell said after the FCC approved a new standard waiver form aimed at easing the hurdles as stations’ May’s DTV rollout deadline nears.

Anticipating the FCC would be flooded with waiver requests from stations seeking delays, broadcasters lobbied for a streamlined request form.

All stations - except major network O&Os and affiliates in top 30 markets, which must offer DTV already - can use the new waiver.

Delays can last up to one year when economic hardships prevent stations from obtaining financing and when zoning disputes and equipment delays impede construction of DTV facilities.

Powell’s tough words seemed tailored to convince House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Billy Tauzin and ranking Democrat John Dingell, who insisted in a Nov. 6 letter to Powell that an "overly broad" standard would "stop the transition in its tracks" by allowing almost every station to win a delay.

Powell countered at the FCC’s Nov. 8 meeting that he expects demand for waivers to be lower than once feared because the FCC took other steps to cut costs of DTV rollouts.

On Thursday, the FCC decided to give stations more time to duplicate analog coverage areas with digital footprints and for 'using or losing' the right to broadcast DTV signals at their maximum legal range.

Related to the digital transition, Tauzin and Dingell also cautioned Powell not to expend the reach of a recent FCC ruling allowing stations on channels 60-69 that relinquish one of their two channels early to delay their 2002 DTV rollouts for at least three years.

Giving similar leeway to stations on channel 52-59, due to be auctioned in 2002 with other outlets on the higher part of TV spectrum, would be "unacceptable," they said. - Bill McConnell




Al Ham was born in Malden, Massachusetts 76 years ago, the oldest son of Florence and Albert Henry Ham.

At the age of 17 he joined Artie Shaw's Orchestra as his bass player. He attended Amherst College, but when his country called during World War II, he became a Bombardier Navigator in the 315th Bomb Wing . He was stationed in Guam with the rank of First Lieutenant.

After the war he was hired by Henry Mancini to arrange and play bass for Tex Beneke in the Glenn Miller Orchestra. It was there he met and married the band's vocalist, Mary Mayo.

In the 1950's he worked for Columbia Records producing, among others, Johnny Mathis, Tony Bennett, Oscar Brown Jr., Les Elgart and as well as the Mitch Miller Sing Along series. He arranged for Tony Pastor's Orchestra when Rosemary Clooney and her sister Betty were singing with the band. He also worked closely on several original Broadway cast albums including "My Fair Lady ", "West Side Story", "The Most Happy Fella", and "House of Flowers".

During the 1960's Al spent most of his time scoring commercials for clients like Pan Am, Pepsi Cola and State Farm Insurance earning several CLIO awards. While in Hollywood he served as music supervisor on the film "THE T.A.M.I. SHOW" and was proud of his accomplishment of introducing the Rolling Stones in their first US television appearance.

He wrote the music for the film "HARLOW" starring Carol Lynley ,and in 1967 was nominated for an Academy Award for his adaptation and treatment of the music for "STOP THE WORLD, I WANT TO GET OFF".

In 1971 Al formed his group The Hillside Singers featuring his daughter Lorri and wife Mary Mayo to record, "I'd Like to Teach the World To Sing In Perfect Harmony". He returned to Hollywood in the mid 1970's to produce the film "GIVE 'EM HELL HARRY" which also won Al a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album.

He wrote and produced the station image packages "Move Closer To Your World" (still heard on WPVI in Philadelphia), "Part Of Your Life", "Home Country", and "On Top Of It All" as well as the Grammy nominated Best Spoken Word album "Senator Sam At Home", for Sam Ervin.

In 1978 after many years of research, Al created "THE MUSIC OF YOUR LIFE" radio format which played on over 150 Radio Stations nationwide and worldwide on the Internet, at MusicOfYourLife.com, and reaches a weekly audience of more than 2,500,000.

He has been honored by many organizations including The Songwriters Guild, who called him "The Man With The Heart". Bill Keane honored him in a "Family Circus" cartoon.

He retired in 1996 and moved to the Tampa Bay area in Florida to be near his daughter, Lorri Hafer and her family.

He was an amazing man, a loving father, and a very loyal friend to all who knew him well.



Also Sets Interim Policy and Deadlines to Resolve Pending Radio Applications

The FCC on November 14, 2001, took three significant steps toward providing clarity and certainty to the processing of radio license transfer applications in cases that may result in substantial economic concentration and thus raise competition concerns.

The FCC commenced a comprehensive examination of its rules and policies concerning multiple ownership of radio stations in local markets. The Commission said its objective is to ask the relevant questions and develop a complete record that will support the approach and the implementing regulations it ultimately adopts. „X The FCC established an interim policy to clarify the review criteria for applications that are currently under review and for applications filed during completion of the rulemaking. „X The FCC set specific deadlines in order to expedite the resolution of pending applications.

In a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) adopted today, the FCC seeks to undertake a comprehensive examination of the rules and policies concerning multiple ownership of radio stations in local markets. The FCC said it intends to be more responsive to current marketplace realities while continuing to address its core public interest concerns of promoting diversity and competition. The FCC said it would examine the statutory framework as well as consider the public interest advantages and disadvantages of various potential rule and policy changes.

The FCC also adopted an interim policy that establishes a plan of action to resolve pending applications. The interim policy sets timetables for the FCC staff to make its recommendation to the Commission on how to resolve the pending applications. The applications that have been pending the longest will receive the highest priority. For example, within 90 days of today, the staff must make a recommendation on the limited number of applications that have been pending for more than one year. The FCC said it will continue to "flag" applications that raise competitive concerns, and the staff will then conduct a public interest analysis, including a competitive analysis of the particular market. The categories of information that the staff may use in conducting its competitive analysis include: product market definition; geographic definition; market participants; market shares and concentration; barriers to entry; potential adverse competitive effects; and efficiencies and other public interest benefits.

The FCC noted that the radio industry has undergone substantial changes since the revision of radio ownership limits in the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and it expressed concern that FCC policies on local radio ownership do not adequately reflect current industry conditions. - more - For instance, when the 1996 Act became law, there were approximately 5,100 owners of commercial radio stations nationwide; today there are approximately 3,800 owners, a decrease of 25%. Local markets have seen similar consolidation. In March 1996, an Arbitron metro market had an average of 13.5 owners; in March 2001, the average was 10.3, a decrease of 22%.

The FCC said in addition to comments on theoretical arguments about local ownership rules, November 14's NPRM also asked for specific empirical data on the effect of consolidation on the public interest. It specifically asked for data in three Arbitron radio markets that illustrate significant differences in market structure but which have all undergone substantial consolidation since 1996: Syracuse, N.Y.; Rockford, Ill; and Florence, S.C. The FCC also encouraged commenters to file information on any local market they feel is relevant or helpful.

The NPRM asked for comment on the interplay between the numerical radio ownership limits in Section 202(b) of the 1996 Act and the public interest mandates of sections 309(a) and 310(d) of the Communications Act of 1934 and how these sections relate to Commission policies on competition and diversity.

The Commission noted that promoting diversity and competition remains the touchstone of its local radio ownership rules. It asked for comments on whether the three traditional aspects of diversity (viewpoint, outlet and source) should guide its public interest consideration.

With respect to competition, the NPRM asked for comments on the scope of the FCC's interest in competitive radio markets, on the definition of the relevant market (advertising or audience), on barriers to entry, potential efficiencies, possible harms, and on the economic costs and benefits of consolidation.

The NPRM requested comment on the general costs and benefits, and advantages and disadvantages, of various methods by which its policies concerning diversity and competition can be implemented, including: relying on numerical limits or other bright-line rules to guide the FCC's public interest determination; conducting a case-by-case public interest analysis; using other regulatory tools such as screens or processing guidelines; or using a mixture of these methods.

The Commission also asked for comments on a variety of specific situations: how it should review applications proposing to assign or transfer control of existing station groups to new owners; how to treat claims that a station is failing, failed, dark, or unbuilt; and what is the appropriate regulatory and ownership treatment of contractual agreements between stations, including Local Marketing Agreements, Time Brokerage Agreements, and Joint Sales Agreements.

For more information, contact the FCC's Mass Media Bureau: Robert Ratcliffe at 202-418-2600 or Office of General Counsel contact: Nandan Joshi at 202-418-1755



Bleak news gets even bleaker Earnings continue on a downward trend; turnaround unlikely before late 2002

By Steve McClellan, Broadcasting & Cable - 11/12/2001

It's no secret that third-quarter TV earnings were way down. But guess what? The fourth quarter is going to be almost as bad—and worse for some companies.

Disney, for one, is projecting a 50% decline in operating income for the quarter ending Dec. 31 (see box, opposite).

One Wall Street firm predicts that TV-station advertising may be down another 15% in the fourth quarter.

The good news: Things will get better, but not until the second half of next year.

The earnings results that a handful of broadcasters reported last week for the quarter ended Sept. 30 were largely in line with expectations: double-digit revenue and profit declines compared with the same quarter a year ago.

The ad downturn is affecting networks and stations alike. The Broadcast Cable Financial Management Association issued combined third-quarter revenue results for ABC, CBS and NBC with the headline "Big Three Networks Suffer Worst Quarter Ever." The combined drop was a record $880 million, or 29%, to $2.2 billion. And the fourth quarter won't be much better, according to BCFM President Buz Buzogany. Continuing ad softness, he said, makes it "extremely difficult to be optimistic about quarterly comparisons improving" this year.

Just two months after issuing its forecast for 2001 and 2002, the Television Bureau of Advertising revised its projections last week. The upshot: 2001 will be a lot worse, and '02 will be somewhat less rosy than the organization thought when it issued its original projection on Sept. 6.

"Obviously, we were facing a new reality just five days later," said TVB President Chris Rohrs. TVB now says local spot will be down 8%-10% for this year, about double the decline predicted earlier. And national spot will be down a whopping 22%-24%, not the 16%-18% predicted earlier.

In a report just issued by Merrill Lynch, media analysts Jessica Reif Cohen and Keith Fawcett estimate that total TV-station revenue dropped roughly 20% in the third quarter. The outlook for Q4? In a word, "awful," the report states, predicting a further 10%-15% drop and citing the slowdown in airline and tourism advertising and the absence of the political advertising that boosted station sales a year ago.

The rocky ad market helped slice cash flow at News Corp.'s Fox Entertainment unit 24% during the quarter ended Sept. 30. TV-station revenue increased 7%, to $396 million, but cash flow dropped 17%, to $129 million. At Fox Broadcast Network, sales dipped 6%, to $320 million, and losses deepened 14%, to $38 million. Sales at Fox's cable networks increased 19%, to $436 million, but higher sports costs cut cash flow 14%, to $43 million.

During a call with analysts last week, News Corp. chief Rupert Murdoch said the company was actually starting to see signs of a turnaround in the languid TV-station ad market in early September. Network scatter was also holding up pretty well, he said. But all signs of recovery evaporated on Sept. 11. After the attack and through the end of the quarter, he said, "advertising largely disappeared."

Since October, Murdoch said, network scatter sales have "returned to normal levels," with pricing at about upfront rates. Station sales continue to be down "but are improving week by week."

Station groups also recently posted bleak third-quarter results. Young Broadcasting reported a 45% drop in pro forma broadcast cash flow, to $27 million, on a 23% revenue decline, to $79 million. Sinclair Broadcast Group logged a 27% drop in broadcast cash flow on a 12% dip in broadcast revenue; for the year, the company projects similar declines in both categories.

Still, despite the current gloom, some broadcasters foresee a turnaround—and a rosier financial outlook—for 2002. Merrill Lynch says a massive government "stimulus package" would certainly help, if it materializes, as many believe it will. Such a package would combine tax cuts and increased spending.

News Corp. Chief Financial Officer David DeVoe predicted last week that Fox will produce cash-flow growth in the low to mid teens for fiscal '02.

Others have been less specific but still reasonably optimistic about next year. Hearst-Argyle Television, which will show double-digit declines in revenue and cash-flow for 2001, expects both numbers to be positive next year, CEO David Barrett recently told analysts.

Next year, of course, Hearst-Argyle and other broadcasters will get help from the Salt Lake City Olympics and from political spending that Merrill Lynch predicts will reach somewhere between $500 million and $600 million.

Double-digit downers ($million)

Company Revenue %Chg. Profits %Chg.

Fox 1,152 +7 134 -22

Disney 2,175 -3 348 -12

Young 79 -23 27 -45

Sinclair 168 -11 58 -27

Sources: Company earnings statements for the quarter ended Sept. 30.

Fox numbers include TV stations, FBC and cable networks. Disney numbers are for its media networks division. Profits are pretax cash-flow figures.



The unwonderful world of Disney Walt Disney Co. operating income for the quarter ending Dec. 31 could drop by 50%, according to the company, the two hardest-hit divisions being the media networks (broadcasting and cable) division and the parks and resorts unit. But company executives also say they've been taking corrective steps, such as carving $1 billion from annual costs over the past two years.

In a conference call with analysts last week, both Disney CEO Michael Eisner and President Bob Iger touched on specific steps they're taking to get ABC back on track. The bleak guidance for the current quarter came as the company issued its earnings for its fiscal year 2001, ended Sept. 30.

For the year, Disney reported, the broadcast segment (ABC, TV stations and syndication programming) showed a 30% drop in pro forma operating income, to $728 million, on a 9% dip in revenue, to $5.7 billion. For the last quarter, the broadcast unit was down 55% in operating income, to $84 million, on an 11% drop in revenue, to $1.2 billion.

The cable networks unit, led by ESPN, showed a 5% gain in operating income for the year, to almost $1.1 billion, on a 10% gain in revenue, to more than $3.8 billion. For the quarter, the cable unit was up 25% in operating income, to $264 million, on an 8% gain in revenue, to $1 billion. Iger said ABC is redirecting much of its new development to the family sitcom, a genre that ABC did well by in years past, with shows like Roseanne and the TGIF lineup on Friday nights, but has largely abandoned in recent seasons.

Eisner said the company is taking steps to improve the economics of the network business overall. They include changing the model to a dual revenue stream, eliminating station compensation, making lower-cost and dual-purpose programming—much of which will be seen on ABC and the just-acquired Fox Family Network (now ABC Family)—and working to get a greater share of advertiser budgets.



If you encounter a member who says that they can't sign up to the E-mail lists (ie: am@nrcdxas.org, , their domain or provider is likely on our DENY list.

Unfortunately there are people who have nothing better to do than to send unsolicited e-mail advertising, get-rich-quick schemes, and even pornographic advertising to users on the internet. Sometimes these folks even try to send to a list of members or groups. Sometimes they succeed, but at NRCDXAS.ORG you find that they fail due to intense security procedures. This is because, (if I might speak frankly), I detest spam and spammers (senders of this junkmail). I will not allow our lists to be someone platform to act obscenely and disrespectfully towards N.R.C. members.

When someone not from the list tries to post his or her mail is bounced to a friend or myself acting as in the role of postmaster. We review it. If it is legit it's forwarded to the list. If it is spam, the domain where it came from is notified of the abuse. If the domain does something about the abuser and takes action to make sure it does not happen again then there is no more to do.

However, there are some domains that could not care less if one of their users spams us, or what impact it has on people. When they do nothing, the spammer will likely send his dirt to us again. If a domain does not take action I put their name in the "Deny File".

When a message comes in, within seconds the headers are scanned for domain and IP address. If the message is from a domain in the file, the message is deleted. The sender is sent a message from MAILER-DAEMON@www.vobbe.com letting them know that the mail did not reach us.

What is the down side? Suppose someone from Yahoo.com started to abuse us, and I place Yahoo.com in the Deny File. What happens is that everyone who has a Yahoo.com e-mail address can not get mail to us. If they are on the list, they can't post, but will continue to get messages. If they are not on the list, they can not subscribe. It blocks any and all mail coming from Yahoo.com. In this case the person's individual e-mail address is put in the file in place of the domain. (ie: jackass@yahoo.com)

Why put in an entire domain? Some spammers will send junk mail, then abandon the account, and start a new one just to avoid retaliation. If we can't block the user, we block the domain.

Putting a domain in the Deny file is a "last resort". I only put them in after; a) multiple or massive spams, or b) the domain refuses to answer our request to investigate a complaint. Once a domain is on the list, there is a $150 mandatory fee for removal from the list.

So who is on the list at the present time? The following is a list of domains presently on the deny list. All of these fine folks have abused us at one time or another in the past year.

1-ring.com, 3wcorp.com, aitcom.net, arabia.com, aspadmin.net, baremetal.com, bigmailbox.com, billiardgate.com, calweb.com, campbell.com, canada.com, cari.net, chaney.net, charter.net, chickpics.com, china.com, cityspree.com, comstar.com, corecomm.net, criticalpath.net, cybercable.tm.fr, dateam.interware.hu, ddg.com, digitaljukebox.com, dns.merit.net, dns2.merit.net, dns3.merit.net, drbrucegoldberg.com, e-contactmaker.com, edirectnet.com, directnetwork.com, ejourney.com, epromo.com, epromo5.com, epromo6.com, epromo7.com, epromo8.com, exodus.net, fnsi.net, freebee.com, fusionbot.com, galaxyinternet.com, gblx.net, global.net.uk, grocerysupply.com, gwi.com, hardcorecrazy.com, highspeed.net, hinet.net, hitbox.com, hitboxmailer.com, houseit.com, hsacorp.net, ikeystone.com, iol.it, ionet.com, ionet.net, it-projs.com, jump.net, kinu.or.kr, kpejrk.com, krnic.net, lawrence-lca.co.uk, libero.it, logika.net, look.ca, mail.securetrader.org, mmmaildirect.com, msiaustin.com, mylowcarkwote.com, ncegifts.com, netaddress.com, netcom.ca, netscape.net, occasioncity.com, onecall.net, onelist.com, onsiteaccess.net, optinex.com.pl, over18.com., p0.com, pacwan.net, pdbookstore.com, pinn.net, pipex.com, postdirect.com, prserv.net, returns.onelist.com, ripe.net, searchking.com, securetrader.org, SEVENtwentyfour.com, sexyfun.net, smartworld.net, starnetinc.com, starnetinc.com, superonline.com, surfree.com, techie.com, thegamblingreport.com, tiesseciusa.net, tm.fr, tonysavarese.com, toscafund.com, trafficmagnet.net, uole.com, uwi.ai.net, verizon.net, voyager.net, websidestory.com, wellbrook.uk.com, wells.chaney.net, yahoogroups.com, YourFootballChallenge.com




WHAZUP is a monthly e-newsletter from the DX Audio Service during peak DX season. The content of this e-newsletter is comprised from submissions, original articles, and forwarded text of interest from various sources. If you wish to contribute, please send to the e-mail address at the top.

All articles other than your own must state the name of the original author, and where it was posted. Anonymous articles or commentary without name and address are not accepted. The views of those commentating are their own, and may not represent the views of the National Radio Club, its board of directors, or any other member.

This e-newsletter may be copied and distributed as long as it is done in complete form without any editing or removal of content.

© Frederick R. Vobbe & National Radio Club

Volume 2, 2001-2002